BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Post your queries and experience related to aquatic plants and planted aquariums
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SCORPIO
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BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Unread postby SCORPIO » Wed Apr 24, 2013 9:55 pm

How to propagate Aquarium plants?


FTS14012012APZ.jpg


Propagating plants in aquarium is not a difficult task. Most of the plants multiply themselves in favorable conditions. Although propagating several plants is very difficult.

liliy.jpg


Nymphoides indica leaf producing new plantlets (Kumudini in Hindi/Sanskrit)



Plants can be propagating by two ways:

1. Sexual Propagation: Some aquatic plants reproduce themselves through seeds or spores. For example Barclaya longifolia, Aponogeton madagascarinis, Bacopa sp. Etc. These plants need favorable water parameters, proper lighting, and nutrients to produce flowers in the tank. When a plant reproduces a flower, make artificial pollination through a brush of finger. If plant produces seeds successfully, collect and store them to produce new plantlets.


aponogeton ulvaceus.jpg


Aponogeton ulvaceus flower

Flower02102012.jpg


Aponogeton madagascarines flower


Reproducing plant through seeds
I have successfully grown Barclaya longifolia through seeds using following technique.
a. Take a vessel. I had used earthen pot for this purpose.
b. Make a bed of mud/soil of atleast one inch in the vessel.
c. Now put seeds over the soil. Temperature should be around 23 degree celcius.
d. Spray water daily over the soil to keep it wet. Keep away vessal from the reach of birds.
e. After germination of seeds, increase the water level on daily basis according to the height of plantlets.
f. When plants height reach around 2 inch, move them in aquarium.

Barclaya longifolia1.jpg


Barclaya longifolia plant

BarclayaLongifoliaSeeds08042011.jpg


Barclaya longifolia seeds

cult_bar_long11042012.jpg


Barclaya longifolia cultivation through seeds

water sprite.jpg

Water sprite produces new plants through leaves
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Re: BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Unread postby SCORPIO » Wed Apr 24, 2013 10:04 pm

2. Vegetative Propagation: In vegetative propagation, a part of plant is used to reproduce new plant. This can be done by a stem cutting or any other part of the plant. They are genetically identical to parent plant. It is the easiest method to propagate aquatic plants.

a. Runners: Runners are the daughter branches produced by the parent plant as the base. The new plant gets nutrients from the parent. After root development, it can be completely apart from the parent. For example water lettuce, vallisneria, Cyrptocoryne sp., Echonodorus, Sagittaria sp. Etc. produce new plants through runners. Replant a runner by following method:

* Cut the runner from the parent through a sharp knife or scissor.
* Put the root under substrate properly.


Lilaeopsis brasiliensis.jpg


Lilaeopsis brasiliensis

Vals.jpg


Vallisneria sp.

Cryptocoryne wendtii.JPG


Cryptocoryne sp.
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Re: BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Unread postby SCORPIO » Wed Apr 24, 2013 10:10 pm

b. Cuttings: Most of the stems plants can be reproduce through cuttings. Simply cuttings can be get from the top of the plant.
* Cut a stem with several nodes by a sharp scissor.
* Now remove the leaves from the lower part.
* Push the cutting into substrate.

Stemplant1.jpg


Rotala rotundofolia stem

Stemplant2.jpg


Remove the lower leaves of Rotala rotundofolia stem.
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Re: BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Unread postby SCORPIO » Wed Apr 24, 2013 10:23 pm

c. Rhizomes: A rhizome is a root like subterranean stem which continuously produces roots and shoots. Most of the rhizome based plants are propagate through the process of division.
* Divide the rhizome with a sharp knife.
* Tied the parts of rhizome with a wood, rock etc. Now it will grow like as standalone new plants.


Bolbities heudelotii division1.jpg


Choose the place from where the rhizome should be divide (Bolbities heudelotii)

Bolbities heudelotii division2.jpg


Cut the part with a sharp scissor

Bolbities heudelotii division3.jpg


Ready to tied on a wood or rock



Bolbities heudelotii Division

Bolbities hetroclitia division1.jpg


Java fern Division

Java fern.jpg



Comments and queries are welcome.
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Re: BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Unread postby vikas » Wed Apr 24, 2013 11:41 pm

very informative and nice write up :)
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Re: BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Unread postby Romi » Thu Apr 25, 2013 1:51 am

Good job.

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Re: BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Unread postby nikhil_julka » Thu Apr 25, 2013 2:12 am

:goodpost :coolph
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Re: BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Unread postby Matrix » Thu Apr 25, 2013 10:54 am

Good one rajiv ji...
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Re: BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Unread postby maaz » Thu Apr 25, 2013 10:55 am

Nice cool pics...
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Re: BTY::How to propagate Aquarium plants?

Unread postby deepesh » Thu Apr 25, 2013 8:00 pm

Great post Rajivji.
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